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Online Class -- Brief Introduction of Chen Style Taijiquan  

Online Class -- Brief Introduction of Chen Style Taijiquan

Author:Chenjiagou TJQ Gongfu School Source:Chenjiagou TJQ Gongfu School Time:2011/11/16 11:34:51


Brief Introduction of Chen Style Taijiquan

Chinese Wushu has a long history. It is rich and varied. Each section has its own style, all of which are the valuable heritage of Chinese culture. Taijiquan is one of the well-known martial arts in Chinese Wushu field. And Chen style Taijiquan is the earliest ancestor in Taijiquan circles. It is playing an important role in keeping health, self-defense and theory understanding. Now more and more people all over the world become interested in practicing and studying it.
1.     What is Taijiuan?
It is a system of physical exercises, which emphasizes balance, coordination and harmony in movements for attaining good health, well-being and self-defence.
2.     What is the meaning of the words Taijiqan?
a.     Taiji: It means the supreme ultimate, which is regarded as the absolute in ancient Chinese, cosmology, presented as the primary source of all created things.
b.    Quan: It means boxing-shadowboxing.
3.     Origin and Development
Taijiquan originated in 17 century in Chenjiagou, We County, Hennan province, China with a long history of more than 300 years. It is created by Chen Wangting(the 9th generation of Chen family) who was born in 1600 and died in 1680, the period between late Ming dynasty and early Qing dynasty. Chen Wangting was well versed in civil and martial arts and had a profound skill. During the time of living in seclusion, he created an internal power Quan on the basis of adopting his ancestors, studying the theory of Taiji Yin-Yang and traditional Chinese medical Jingluo and the method of health preservation of Taoist breathing. The internal power Quan emphasizes on Yin-Yang Combination, Hardness and Softness alternation and Internal-External Cultivation, so it is named Taiji Quan. The creator’s family name is Chen, it is therefore called Chen style Taijiquan. The Taijiquan passed down from Chen Wangting includes Taijiquan(1 to 5 lu),Paochui(1 lu),Changquan(108 forms),Hand-push and weapons such as Glaive, Spear, Sword, Stick and 2-peole spear, etc.. When passed on to Chen Changxing, the 14th generation of Chen family, Taijiquan was made much more progress. He refined and transformed the Laojia from this ancestor into the present poplar ones: Laojia Yilu and Laojia Erlu.(Old form, Rountine 1 & Rountine 2)
Yilu(Old form R1): easy movements, major on softness and minor on hardness, open when move and close when stop, one move makes all move, mainly with the features of softness, slowness and stableness.
Erlu: (Old form R2)compact and speedy movements, major on hardness and minor on softness, leap and divert, mainly with the features of hardness, fastness and neatness.
Since Chen Wangting created Taijiquan, there have been more and more people, both old and young and male and female, who practice it. With the development of Chen style Taijiquan, there are mainly four representative styles: Yang, Wu, Sun and Wu, all of which are derived from Chen style and well developed for their own special styles.
4.     Characteristics
a.     Hardness and softness(strength)
b.    Fast and slow(movement)
c.      Combination of Yin and Yang(theory)
d.    Internal and external(body)
e.     Spiral nature(silk-reeling force)
f.       Harmonious use of Mind, Qi, Power, Spirit and Body
5.     Functions
a.     Keep health in:
a)    Nervous system
b)    Circulatory system
c)     Respiratory system
d)    Digestive system
e)    Movement system
b.     Self-defence:
a)    Controlling all changes by remaining unchanged
b)    Use defence as attack
c)     Small force defeats strong force
c.      Help understand and apply Taijiquan theories in our daily life
6.     What is the relative perfect level:
a.     Sufficient internal power
b.    Dexterous and quick in movements
c.      Unseen internal change of false and true strength
d.    Unpredictable change of action
e.     Do as one please to reach harmony of man with nature

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